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Bad nutrition raises risk of Czech kids’ civilisation diseases

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Prague, Aug 11 (CTK) – Bad nutrition of Czech children raises the risk for them to face high blood pressure, a heart attack, a stroke, osteoporosis and thyroid defects in adulthood, according to series of studies completed by the Nutrition Society.

One in ten children consume excessive doses of salt and sugar, and also an unfavourable combination of fats, it ensues from the tests the experts made on children aged from five months to 15 years in 2007-2014.

They uncovered an excessive consumption of proteins by infants aged from six to 11 months, which is a pre-condition for their growing obese as adults.

Almost 26 percent of infants suffered from a shortage of iodide that influences the development of brain.

Over 42 percent of infants had a low consumption of iron, and 10 percent were anaemic, the tests showed.

Toddlers aged from 24 to 36 months showed an increased consumption of salt.

About 36 percent of them had a low consumption of calcium, which implies the threat of osteoporosis.

A total of 62 percent had a low consumption of D provitamin, and 36 percent had a low level of D vitamin in their blood, which poses the danger of rickets, frequent infections and civilisation diseases.

Among the tested kids at their pre-school age (3-5), 10 percent consumed foods and drinks with over 127.4 percent of the recommended energy values. Unhealthy fats prevailed over healthy ones in their food, and their consumption of carbohydrates was excessive.

These kids consumed 6.4 grammes of salt a day on the average, and one in ten even 9.2 grammes and more, while the recommended norm for adults is five grammes of salt a day.

The schoolchildren aged from seven to ten had their energy consumption slightly higher than that recommended, but 10 percent of them had it higher by more than 30.

They consumed more carbohydrates and salt. Ten percent of them consumed over 12.7 grammes of salt a day. Ten percent showed an insufficient consumption of iodide, folic acid and D vitamin.

The children aged from 11 to 15 had the energy consumption slightly lower, on average, but 10 percent of them had it almost 20 percent higher.

They consumed unfavourable combinations of fats, and 10 percent of them had consumed about 30 percent more carbohydrates than what is recommended. Their average daily consumption of salt was 10.3 grammes on average, but one in ten of them consumed over 13.3 grammes.

These children, too, suffered from a shortage of calcium, iodide, folic acid and D vitamin, the tests showed.

In reaction to the tests results, the Nutrition Society recommended changes in the diet of the children of all age categories, mainly schoolchildren.

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