Prague, Oct 21 (CTK) – The Czech Republic is the first NATO member to have signed a memorandum of understanding in the sphere of cyber security Wednesday, the National Security Office (NBU) spokesman Radek Holy has told CTK, adding that the signatories are NBU director Dusan Navratil and Assistant Secretary General Sorin Ducaru.

The memorandum aims to improve and enhance cooperation between the Czech Republic and NATO in the struggle against cyber threats and attacks that are increasingly common, sophisticated and harmful, Holy said.

The memorandum is a major tool for NATO and its allies to upgrade the protection of their networks, Ducaru said after signing the pact.

He said that the mutual support should not be limited to the exchange of information, but also cover the schooling and training of experts in the sphere of cyber protection.

As computer attacks are a global problem, both countries and companies increase their defence against hackers who inflict damage worth hundreds of billion dollars annually. Some of them target political objectives.

NATO has reacted with an action plan, approved at its summit in Wales last year.

In the Czech Republic, the NBU is in charge of the defence. The NBU includes the National Cyber Security Centre (NCKB) seated in Brno.